ERC Like – Group Rationality, PN-III-P4-ID-ERC- 2016-0008
Summary: Studies consistently showed that groups are less rational than their most rational group member is. Given this, the main aim of this research project is to find ways in which strong synergy can be created in decision-making groups through innovative research designs and thus facilitate group rationality. The research focuses on two main directions: the role of (a) group meta-cognition processes such as transactive memory systems and cross-understanding and (b) minority dissent in group rationality.
Project Manager: Petru Curșeu
Project Team: Oana Fodor, Alina Fleștea, Mara Bria, Anişoara Pavelea
Social Networks and Emotions: Implications for the Rationality of Entrepreneurial Strategic Decision Making, PN-II-RU-TE-2013-4-2111
Summary: Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial action have important and long lasting implications: they provide job opportunities, innovate or get out of business due to mindless strategic decisions. It is therefore relevant to study the way they make entrepreneurial strategic decisions (ESDM), which involve high stakes for the company. Although the literature on ESDM has proliferated in the last decades, the positive value of the so-called ecological heuristics (i.e. heuristics that match the structure of the decision environment and produce positive decision outcomes, while saving time and energy resources for the entrepreneurs) remain largely unexplained. Therefore, this project aims to: (1) explore the way the characteristics of the social network influences the ecological rationality of the ESDM and its effectiveness, and (2) explore how emotions and emotion regulation strategies influence the ecological rationality and effectiveness of the ESDM.
Project Manager: Oana Fodor
Project Team: Renata Heilman, Alina Fleştea, Mădălina Hoandră, Petru Curşeu
Bridging the gap between theory and practice: applications from economic psychology on resource allocation decisions in organizations, GTC – 31794
Summary: Economic psychology is an inter-disciplinary field of study which investigates how people make judgments and decisions. Numerous economic psychology studies are conducted using economic games, which represent simplified decisional situations. The Ultimatum Game (UG) is a decisional task that illustrates a bargaining situation. Within this project we use the UG to simulate how two players allocate resources among them in order to investigate, first, if there are any gender differences in this specific decisional scenario, and, second, which factors might contribute to offering and accepting uneven amounts between the two players. In spite of the fact that there is a large number of independent studies that have investigated the UG, the task’s ecological validity is significantly less studied. Numerous authors only speculate that decision-makers’ preferences in the UG might reflect behavior differences in real-life situations, such as salary negotiation. However, this hypothesis has not been directly approached. There is vast scientific literature on gender gap, showing that, on average, men earn more than women, for similar jobs and workloads.
Project Manager: Renata Heilman
Competitiveness Operational Program – Research, Development and Innovation Supporting Economic Competitiveness and the Development of Businesses. – Web and Mobile App for temporal and innovative assessment of human capital at the organizational level, developed based on empirically tested psychological assessment models (OPTIMISE_4U)
Summary: This R&D project aims to develop and commercialize a web and mobile app for the assessment, monitoring and optimization of the usage of the human capital in organizations. The App will be based on psychological models that describe interaction patterns of the main organizational factors, both at the individual and group level, and their influences on specific task and team performance. We use the expertise of both organizational psychologists and IT specialists to employ verified models for job crafting and predicting performance as well as the latest technologies and trends in IT in the development process of the new web and mobile apps.
Project Manager: Lucia Raţiu
Project Team: Cătălina Oţoiu, IT specialists
Bright and dark sides of multiple team membership (MTM). Implications for individuals and teams
Summary: Multiple team membership (MTM) is a form of organization in which individuals are simultaneously part of two or more teams within a given period of time (O’Leary et al, 2011). It is associated with switching contexts (i.e. teams), roles and tasks. Although a popular way of work design, little is currently known about the impact of MTM at the individual, team or organizational level. Current research highlighted both positive and negative effects associated with MTM. This project aims to explore what are the implications of working in an MTM setting on the individual, team and organization, while also documenting the influence of various contingencies pertaining to the individual or organizational context.
Project Team: Alina Fleştea, Oana Fodor, Nicoleta Meslec, Helen Pluut, Florina Iordache, Petre Curşeu
Individual differences, cognitive and affective factors in inter-temporal choices
Summary: Inter-temporal decision making refers to all the situations in which one is confronted with choosing between a smaller but sooner reward (Small soon – SS) and a larger but later reward (Large later – LL). The difficulty with this particular type of decisional situation is to determine how people compromise between how big a reward is and how soon they can obtain a reward (how fast is a reward discounted?). The current project investigates various cognitive, affective as well and personality related factors, which might play a role in determining one’s preference for a sooner, rather than a later reward.
Project Team : Renata Heilman